Look Before You Leap! Suing the United States: A Lawyer’s Guide to Injunctive and Declaratory Relief
The wisdom of the administrative state, which has its roots in the Progressive and New Deal Eras, is much debated today in all three branches of the federal government. Given the stakeholders who benefit from regulation and those who seek to dismantle the regulatory-agency model, there is every reason to think that suits challenging decisions of the United States, including the president and federal agencies, will increase in the coming years for two reasons. Those who benefit from regulation will resist deregulation, in part, by challenging
in court an agency’s justification for repeal of regulations where repeal is inconsistent with the agency’s congressional mandate. Those favoring deregulation will challenge final agency decisions not only to slow or reverse the impact of regulation generally but also to advocate for overturning case law that requires the courts to defer to an agency’s interpretation of statutes it implements and its accompanying regulations.